SEC 420 Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency overview

CISA – the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency was created via legislation from congress and approval by the president. It’s a reorganization of the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), a branch of the Department of Homeland Security (Press, 2018).

Part of the reason that NPPD was reorganized was due to the public image. It wasn’t clear as to what they actually did. The Agency head thought it sounded like a Soviet-era military intelligence agency. However, there is significant transitioning going on, including IT changes, management functions, and budget. They are also physically moving offices. NPPD staff that aren’t going with CISA are being helped with finding different jobs within the DHS. Additionally, one of the main reasons for the reorganization is to have cybersecurity and infrastructure security personnel in the same space for coordination and data sharing efficiency (RockwellDec, 2018). Score one for the government trying to be more efficient for a change.

They focus on 24×7 cyber situational awareness and defense and work on incidents and projects for federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial governments, as well as the private sector and international partners. In addition to providing security expertise, they also are involved in training (as they can’t be everywhere at once). Emergency response communications services are also a priority, with CISA evaluating and preparing for natural disasters, terrorism, etc. to ensure continuity (DHS, 2019).

The National Risk Management Center is a branch of CISA that is involved with planning, analysis, and collaboration to identify the most significant infrastructure risks (“National Risk Management”, 2019).



Press. (2018, November 20). Congress Passes Legislation Standing Up Cybersecurity Agency in DHS. Retrieved May 26, 2019, from

DHS. (2019, March 15). What does CISA do? Retrieved May 26, 2019, from

National Risk Management. (2019, April 30). Retrieved May 26, 2019, from

RockwellDec, M. (2018, December 20). Standing up CISA. Retrieved May 26, 2019, from